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Mark Hutten, M.A.
Re: Conditions that Coexist with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What conditions can coexist with ADHD?

Some kids with ADHD also have other illnesses or conditions. For example, they may have one or more of the following:

Anxiety and depression. Treating ADHD may help to decrease anxiety or some forms of depression.

Bipolar disorder. Some kids with ADHD may also have this condition in which extreme mood swings go from mania
(an extremely high elevated mood) to depression in short periods of time.

Conduct disorder. This condition includes behaviors in which the youngster may lie, steal, fight, or bully others.
He or she may destroy property, break into homes, or carry or use weapons. These kids or teens are also at a higher
risk of using illegal substances. Kids with conduct disorder are at risk of getting into trouble at school or with the police.

Learning disability. A youngster in preschool with a learning disability may have difficulty understanding certain
sounds or words or have problems expressing himself or herself in words. A school-aged youngster may struggle with
reading, spelling, writing, and math.

Oppositional defiant disorder. Kids with this condition, in which a youngster is overly stubborn or rebellious,
often argue with adults and refuse to obey rules.

Tourette syndrome. Very few kids have this brain disorder, but among those who do, many also have ADHD.
Some people with Tourette syndrome have nervous tics and repetitive mannerisms, such as eye blinks, facial twitches,
or grimacing. Others clear their throats, snort, or sniff frequently, or bark out words inappropriately. These behaviors
can be controlled with medication.

ADHD also may coexist with a
sleep disorder, bed-wetting, substance abuse, or other disorders or illnesses.